OCTAV UTLS- Observed Composition Trends And Variability in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere
What is OCTAV?
OCTAV-UTLS is a SPARC activity, which analyses trends of ozone and water vapour specifically in the UTLS region. The activity is lead by Irina Petropavlovkhikh (NOAA), Peter Hoor (JGU) and Luis
Millan (JPL) who replaces Gloria Manney (NWRA)
The distribution of tracers in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere (UTLS) shows a large spatial and temporal variability, caused by competing transport, chemical, and mixing processes
near the tropopause, as well as variations in the tropopause itself. This strongly affects quantitative estimates of the impact of radiatively active substances, including ozone and water vapour,
on surface temperatures, and complicates diagnosis of of dynamical processes such as stratosphere troposphere exchange (STE). The community thus faces challenge of optimally exploiting the
existing portfolio of observations to better understand the physical composition of the UTLS, including past long-term changes in trace gas distributions and the processes that control
This activity will focus on improving the quantitative understanding of the UTLS’s role in climate and the impacts of stratosphere-troposphere exchange (STE) processes on air quality. Achieving
this goal requires a detailed characterization of existing measurements (from aircraft, ground-based, balloon, and satellite platforms) in the UTLS, including understanding how their
quality and sampling characteristics (spatial and temporal coverage, resolution) affect the representativeness of these observations.
One key aspect of this activity will be to develop and apply common metrics to compare UTLS data using a variety of geophysically-based coordinate systems (e.g., tropopause, equivalent latitude,
jet-focused) using meteorological information from reanalysis datasets. This approach will provide a framework for comparing measurements with diverse sampling patterns and thus will leverage the
meteorological context to derive maximum information on UTLS composition and its relationships to dynamical variability.
The activity will produce recommendations for data comparisons in the UTLS region based on specific techniques/instruments. We will provide an assessment of gaps in current
geographical/temporal sampling of the UTLS region that limit determining variability and trends, and suggest future measurement strategies that would help fill those gaps.